We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is the Mecca Agreement?

By Devon Pryor
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
CulturalWorld.org is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At CulturalWorld.org, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The Mecca Agreement, also known as the “Mecca Declaration,” is an agreement between two Palestinian factions of power, Hamas and Fatah. At the time of the Mecca Agreement, Hamas was represented by Khaled Mashaal and by the Palestinian Prime Minister, Ismail Haniya. Fatah was represented by Mahmoud Abbas, the President of Palestinian Authority, and also by a member of Palestinian parliament, Mohammed Dahlan.

Final stipulations of the Mecca Agreement were negotiated through talks between Hamas and Fatah representatives, which lasted more than a week, and took place in the Saudi city of Mecca. The primary objectives of the Mecca Agreement were to bring violent fighting between the two factions to an end, as well as to form a new Palestinian government based on national unity. The fighting, which had become increasingly violent in the year leading up to the Mecca Agreement, had been concentrated in the areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal, and Fatah leader Mahmoud Abbas appeared in a public ceremony on 8 February 2007 in the city of Mecca. Here the two signed the Mecca Agreement, and announced further aims held by their respective parties. Mashaal called for an immediate end to the violence between Hamas and Fatah, while Abbas implored the newly delegated government to adhere to previous agreements between Palestine and its territory rival, Israel.

The new government delegated by the Mecca Agreement allowed Ismail Haniya to remain Prime Minister. Positions within the Palestinian cabinet were divided among Hamas, Fatah, and four other Palestinian groups, while the areas of finance, interior, and foreign affairs were delegated to independent parties. Perhaps disappointingly to the international community, the Mecca Agreement made no specific mention of Israel, or of any plans to recognize Israeli territorial legitimacy.

By June 2007, the Mecca Agreement seemed to have crumbled. Then President of Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, had dismissed the unified government dictated by the Mecca Agreement. Tensions between Hamas and Fatah again exploded into crisis, spurring Arab ministers and heads of other Arab countries to call emergency meetings. Spokespersons for Saudi Arabia, which had brokered the Mecca Agreement, called for Palestinian factions to re-adhere to the terms negotiated therein. Saudi Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal also expressed that the re-emergence of conflict between Hamas and Fatah served the territorial interests of Israel, and was thus self-defeating to both Palestinian groups.

CulturalWorld.org is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

By anon18867 — On Sep 30, 2008

It sounds like they should renegotiate Mecca agreement again. This time written with specifics on Israel and plans to recognize Israeli territorial legitimacies. Could this be the key to help ending the feud with Hamas and Fatah?

CulturalWorld.org, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

CulturalWorld.org, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.