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What are Tropical Countries?

Mary Elizabeth
By
Updated May 23, 2024
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Tropical countries are those that lie within the region called the tropics. The tropics is the zone between the Tropic of Cancer, the parallel of latitude at 23° 26' 16" North, and the Tropic of Capricorn, the parallel of latitude at 23° 26' 16" South. Everywhere in the tropics is struck by the sun’s perpendicular rays at noon on a minimum of one day in each year. At the very center of the tropics lies the equator, a large, imaginary circle around the Earth at a spot equidistant from the North and South poles.

Many people associate tropical countries with a few islands and palm trees, but in fact, a large section of the world lies within the tropics. In the Western Hemisphere, parts of Mexico, all of Central America, all of the Caribbean islands from just south of Nassau in the Bahamas, and the top half of South America, including Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, as well as the northern portions of Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, and Brazil are within this area.

In Africa, the only nations that are not in the tropics are Morocco and Tunisia in the north and Lesotho and Swaziland in the south. All the rest lie either entirely, or at least partly, within this region.

While no European countries are tropical countries, the Middle East has four: Yemen, which is entirely in the tropics, and parts of Saudi Arabia, Oman, and United Arab Emirates. India, in southern Asia, lies mostly in the tropics, as do all countries of Southeast Asia. Australia, Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, and most of the other island nations of Oceania in the South Pacific are tropical countries, as well.

Not all countries in this region have the same climate, but they all have a limited range in their temperatures and less climate change over a year than is found in other zones. Their climate is distinguished chiefly by wet and dry seasons. The flora and fauna differ as well, and while palm trees do grow in many places, they also grow outside the tropics.

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Mary Elizabeth
By Mary Elizabeth
Passionate about reading, writing, and research, Mary Elizabeth is dedicated to correcting misinformation on the Internet. In addition to writing articles on art, literature, and music for CulturalWorld.org, Mary works as a teacher, composer, and author who has written books, study guides, and teaching materials. Mary has also created music composition content for Sibelius Software. She earned her B.A. from University of Chicago's writing program and an M.A. from the University of Vermont.
Discussion Comments
By anon1001443 — On Apr 15, 2019

What is the relationship between weather and elements and some diseases in tropical countries?

By anon345507 — On Aug 20, 2013

I live in the tropics but I've been to Japan before. It's not easy to live in a cold climate and the wind blowing at you is also cold. I went to Tokyo and at 7 p.m. it was 10 degree celsius. I was shaking as I walked along the road. So I still think the tropics are the best.

By serenesurface — On Dec 16, 2012

Tropics are not as great as you all make it sound. Most tropical countries have heavy rainy seasons where it can rain for days, weeks and months on end. This results in a lot of flooding and a lot of people losing their lives and property.

Tropical weather is also great for spread of viral and bacterial infections. Why do you guys think we don't have malaria in Europe, Canada and US? Because mosquitoes spread the disease and they love warm and humid environments.

By fBoyle — On Dec 15, 2012

@MikeMason-- I don't think all of India is considered tropical.

I mean, think about Northern Indian states like Kashmir. It snows there in winter, how can it be tropical?

By stoneMason — On Dec 14, 2012

I would love to live in India because it's a tropical country. I know some parts of India get extremely hot in the summer, but for the most part, the weather is mild and warm throughout the year. I think it would be great to be able to wear short sleeves all year around. I wouldn't need winter clothes at all.

Another reason I would love to live in India is because of the variety of fruits and vegetables. I think tropical countries have the best conditions for growing vegetation and they have more options when it comes to foods.

By John57 — On Nov 29, 2012

What I think I would really enjoy about a tropical climate is they have a small range between their high and low temperatures. I don't mind a change in temperature, but don't like the extreme hot and cold weather.

By honeybees — On Nov 29, 2012

@Mykol -- I used to feel the same way you do. That is until I moved to Arizona and found that I got kind of tired of the dry, hot weather. I realize this isn't the tropics, but it is warm and sunny most of the time.

I found that I really missed the change in seasons. I also like it when it gets cold enough that it kills off all the bugs for awhile. If you live in a climate that is warm and rainy like many of the tropics are, you will always have bugs around.

I guess I haven't found that perfect place to live yet, and probably never will. I have just learned to take the weather as it comes and enjoy wherever I am at.

By Mykol — On Nov 28, 2012

I have always said I was born to live in the tropics. I actually live in the US in a state that is in the northern part of the country. That is a long ways from the tropics. I don't like the long, cold winters we have, and love it when it is hot and sunny.

The few times I have visited a tropical island, I am so happy. The warmth of the sun and the gentle breezes are perfect and I have a hard time thinking about returning to frigid temperatures.

By anon205643 — On Aug 13, 2011

I was really puzzled with the concept, whether the range of tropics lie outwards the equator or inwards to it.

This is really a simple and clear answer to my ambiguity. Thanks WiseGeek.

By Leonidas226 — On Jul 12, 2010

The potato originated in tropical southern Peru and became a worldwide staple crop. Plantains, which are also a widespread staple crop, originated in the tropics of Oceania and were genetically modified into modern Bananas. Tropical fauna is quite diverse and nutritional. Is it possible that many other species of plants and animals originated in the tropical countries, owing to the fact that those areas have been relatively unaffected by harsh cold temperatures for a long period of time?

By anon70771 — On Mar 16, 2010

Good one, brother. I got what i wanted.

Mary Elizabeth
Mary Elizabeth
Passionate about reading, writing, and research, Mary Elizabeth is dedicated to correcting misinformation on the...
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