A little less than 15 percent of the world’s population is in Africa. Although roughly 500 million people live in the many countries on the African continent, 75 percent of the land remains uninhabited. With expectations that the population of Africa could increase to 2 billion by the middle of the 21st century, a crisis in terms of enough food and water to support the increase has already begun developing.
More facts about the population of Africa:
- The majority of Africans live in areas that have plentiful supplies of drinking water. This includes the Nile Valley, areas along the Niger, South Africa and the coasts of West and North Africa.
- Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa, with more than 155 million citizens. Ethiopia is second, with a population approaching the 91 million mark. By contrast, Uganda is the 10th most populous nation on the continent, with a population of more than 34 million.
- The least populated country in Africa is the tiny Republic of Seychelles, with about 800,000 residents. Once home to pirate hideouts, these tiny islands along the eastern coast of Africa are now a popular tourist attraction. Under British administration until 1976, Seychelles is now independent and has held elections for national offices since 1993.
Frequently Asked Questions
What percentage of the world's population currently resides in Africa?
As of the latest estimates, approximately 17% of the world's population lives in Africa. This figure represents a significant portion of the global population, highlighting Africa's role as a populous continent with diverse cultures and economies. The population of Africa is characterized by its rapid growth rate, which is faster than any other region on the planet.
How has Africa's share of the global population changed over time?
Historically, Africa's share of the global population has been increasing. In the 1950s, Africa's population was about 9% of the world's total. Since then, due to high birth rates and improving survival rates, the continent's population has grown rapidly. This trend is projected to continue, with predictions that Africa's population could account for up to 25% of the world's total by 2050.
What factors contribute to Africa's growing population?
Africa's population growth is driven by several factors, including high fertility rates, a young population structure, and improving health outcomes that lead to lower mortality rates. The continent has a high proportion of women of reproductive age and a cultural preference for larger families in many regions. Additionally, advancements in healthcare have reduced infant mortality rates and increased life expectancy, further contributing to population growth.
Which African countries have the largest populations?
Nigeria and Ethiopia are the most populous countries in Africa. Nigeria, with a population surpassing 200 million, is the continent's demographic giant. Ethiopia follows with a population of over 115 million. These countries are followed by Egypt and the Democratic Republic of Congo, both with populations over 100 million, making them significant contributors to Africa's overall population size.
What are the implications of Africa's population growth for the continent and the world?
Africa's rapid population growth presents both challenges and opportunities. It puts pressure on resources, infrastructure, and services, requiring significant investment in education, healthcare, and job creation. However, it also offers a potential demographic dividend, as a larger working-age population can drive economic growth if adequately supported. Globally, Africa's growing market and labor force can influence international trade, migration, and geopolitical dynamics.