In 2011, China became the first country to pass national legislation legally obligating adult children to visit their elderly parents. There are no set parameters for how often children must visit, but parents in China who do not feel sufficiently cared for have legal grounds to sue their adult children. This law was put into place as a result of more adult children moving away from their parents and into bigger cities, which was thought to contribute to rising levels of the elderly being neglected or abused. Although a legal obligation for visitation is not common worldwide, adult children might be required to pay for their elderly parents’ expenses. For example, in the United States, 30 states have laws that make adult children legally responsible for their elderly parents' necessities, such as food, shelter and medical care, but those laws are rarely enforced.
More about parents and the elderly:
- The World Health Organization estimates that in some countries, 10% of the elderly are neglected or abused in some way.
- In many places, parents must get their children’s names approved by the government. For example, in Denmark, parents can choose from 7,000 pre-approved names.
- There are projected to be about 1.2 billion people who are 60 or older in 2025 — more than twice as many as there were 30 years before that, in 1995.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are children legally required to visit their elderly parents?
No, in most Western countries, children are not legally required to visit their elderly parents. However, in some countries, such as China and France, there are laws that mandate adult children to care for their aging parents. For instance, China's Elderly Rights Law requires adult children to visit or keep in touch with their elderly parents, and neglect can lead to legal consequences.
What legal obligations do children have towards their elderly parents?
Legal obligations vary by jurisdiction, but generally, children may be required to provide financial support if their parents cannot sustain themselves and have no other means of support. This is known as "filial responsibility" and is enforceable in some U.S. states and other countries. However, the specifics of these laws and the extent of enforcement differ widely.
Can parents sue their children for not visiting them?
In countries with filial responsibility laws, such as China, parents might be able to sue their children for not visiting or providing emotional support. For example, in China, the Elderly Rights Law allows for such legal action. In most Western countries, however, there is no legal ground for parents to sue their children simply for not visiting.
How do cultural differences impact the legal obligations to elderly parents?
Cultural norms heavily influence the legal frameworks regarding the care of elderly parents. In some Asian countries, where there is a strong tradition of filial piety, laws reflect the expectation that children will care for their parents. In contrast, Western societies with a greater emphasis on individualism may not have such stringent legal requirements but may have social or moral expectations instead.
What are the consequences for not fulfilling legal obligations to elderly parents?
The consequences for not fulfilling legal obligations to elderly parents can include civil penalties, such as fines or mandated support payments. In extreme cases, such as in China, non-compliance with the Elderly Rights Law can result in being blacklisted in a national credit system, affecting one's ability to get loans, jobs, or travel. Enforcement and penalties vary significantly between jurisdictions and are often influenced by the local legal and cultural context.